India has experienced increase in mean temperature by 0.60°C in the last 100 years. Reduction in crop productivity especially wheat and paddy due to increased temperature, reduction in rainy days and consequential water stress are some of the negative impacts reported.It is projected that in the medium-term (2010-2039), yield reduction will be to the tune of 4.5 to 9%, posing challenges to food security and livelihood.Cost of climate change has been estimated at around 1.5% of GDP from
Agriculture every year (ICAR–NICRA project).
The National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) launched in 2008 embodies the government’s vision of addressing the challenge of climate change through a process of sustainable development. The goal of NAPCC is to enhance ecological sustainability of our development path. States have developed State Action Plan on Climate Change (SAPCC).
Government of India has launched eight Missions as a part of the NAPCC in specific areas i.e. Solar Energy, Enhanced Energy Efficiency,Sustainable Habitat, Water, Sustaining the Himalayan Eco-system, Green India, Sustainable Agriculture and Strategic knowledge for Climate Change which include assessment of the impact of climate change and actions needed to address climate change.